JWDS 0028 Power Plug Tracking Test Service
Tracking on power plugs as such does not necessarily lead to fire accidents. The problem being, rapid flaming occurs on the connection interface between the plug and the mains outlet as a result of repeated small spark discharges (scintillation). Prevention is important as this phenomenon can ignite flammable items nearby, thus likely leading to fire accidents. We at OKI Engineering provide test services to prevent such tracking from occurring.
Chinese version test method|中文版测试方法: http://www.ag17.wang/testing/testing669.html
JWDS0028漏电起痕陶瓷片|JWDS0028 Ceramic chip of Testing
About the Tracking Phenomenon
Tracking occurs when voltage is applied on a surface polluted with or damaged by salt, dust, moisture and chemical agents (synthetic detergents) as current flows beyond insulation creepage distance while the surface deteriorates and a carbide conductive path (track) is created with consequent insulator breakdown.
Tracking Resistance Test for Power Plugs
Test parameters are designed for tracking resistance capability of an indoor use, rated voltage 125V, rated current 15A or less, plug with molded cable.
"Tracking Resistance of Power Plugs" JWDS0028.
A standard by the Japan Electrical Wiring Devices and Equipment Industries Association, JEWA.
|Level||Anti-tracking performance||Usage environment|
|Frequency of insertion/removal||Location|
|1||Drop frequency: over 200 times||low||Location difficult to inspect|
|2||Drop frequency: over 80 times||low||General location|
Case Study of Tracking Resistance Test
AC Adaptor (input: AC100-240V, output: DC5V)
Test liquid (solution)
0.2% aqueous solution of ammonium chloride
Power plug rated voltage of AC125V, 50Hz
Other test conditions
• Single drop amount: 20mm² (+5, -0mm²)
• Continuous dropping in intervals of 5 minutes ±10 seconds
• Drop frequency: 80 times
• Test circuit as in Figure 1
• Used equipment: AC-stabilized power supply.
Tracking resistance test: with smoke generation
Figure 1: Test Circuit
As for the test result, we confirm that no flaming occurs from either of the following phenomena:
Flaming during dropping
Overcurrent relay or circuit breaker operation
Broken test outlet cover
NOTE: Not accounting for scintillation and smoke without generating fire.
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